The Labor Movement from Industrial Revolution to Now
The origin of labor unions dates back to the eighteenth
century and the industrial revolution in Europe. During this time there was a huge surge of new workers into the workplace
that needed representation. In the United States history of unions, early workers and trade unions played
an important part in the role for independence.
American Federation of Labor (AFL), founded in 1886 by Samuel Gompers. The AFL had approximately 1.4 million members.
The AFL is credited with successfully negotiating wage increases for its members and enhancing workplace safety for all workers.
The Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO) under John L. Lewis and the larger AFL federation underwent a huge expansion
during World War II. The AFL-CIO merger occurred in 1955. A labor or trade union is an organization
of workers dedicated to protecting members' interests and improving wages, hours and working conditions for all.
APWU is a member of AFL-CIO.
matter what you do for a living, there's a union with members who do the same thing. Unions represent: teachers, factory
workers, mechanics, office workers, pharmacists, doctors, nurses, and many workers.
Did you know there are over 60 national/international unions that represent millions
of workers across America and Canada? What do Labor Unions Want? Increasing wages; raising the standard
of living for the working class; Ensuring safe working conditions and Increasing benefits for both workers and their families.
Employers are trying to shed responsibility for providing health insurance, good pension coverage, reasonable work
hours and job safety protections. Additionally, companies are making workers' jobs and incomes less secure through downsizing,
part-timing, contracting out, and sending jobs off-shore.
The Benefits of being a Union
America's working families need the representation, collective power, PRIDE in work and fair treatment in the workplace that we ALL deserve.
The APWU is in the process of negotiating a new contract this year. Please
support APWU as we support you.
REQUEST a steward, when you see management performing
bargaining work such as; moving mail, loading machines with mail, clearing jams, fixing DB’s. FSS, FSM, SPSS Barney,
remember to use the lock out tag out when preforming repairs, transporting the mail to a station(s) and the correct level
mechanic and area office is performing building maintenance functions. Remember the motor vehicle mechanics; they tow the
trucks into USPS shop, diagnosis and repair.
Diane Richardson, IRD
My articles are from Internet:
A brief History of Union (AFL-CIO)
COPA is from APWU National website
The Numbers Prove It:
It Pays to Belong
APWU Web News Article #017-14, Jan. 28, 2014
A Jan. 24 Department
of Labor report demonstrates the value of union membership, says APWU Organizing Director Anna Smith.“The report shows that unionized full-time wage earners receive higher pay than workers who are not represented
by unions,” she said.
The median weekly earnings of union members for 2013 were $950, compared to $750 for
The report also shows that union members have greater access to benefits, such as health insurance,
retirement plans, and paid leave and holidays.Commenting on the report, Secretary of
Labor Thomas Perez said, "Workers' ability to form unions and engage in collective bargaining has been a cornerstone
of a strong middle class.
The decline in union membership over the last few decades has contributed to more working
families struggling to get by. When workers have a seat at the table, they are better able to bargain for their fair share
of the value they helped create; and that leads to greater economic security and economic mobility for everyone.
As our economy continues to recover and we work to create good jobs, we need to ensure workers can lift their voices to
raise wages, reduce inequality and help more people climb ladders of opportunity."Woefully,
data compiled by the Bureau of Labor Statistics indicate that only 11.3 percent of America’s workers belong to unions,
and just a meager 6.7 percent of all private-sector employees are union members.
“We are fortunate to have
a union and everyone who enjoys it benefits needs to support it,” Smith said.“APWU-represented
employees have a distinct advantage over unrepresented employees in the postal workforce, thanks to the support of dues paying
members,” she said. “You only have to look back to the pay and benefits casuals received to see what the USPS
would pay us if it weren’t for the union.
Casuals received far less pay, had no job security, no benefits
and no protection against unfair treatment,” Smith added.“In today’s
postal climate, with the Postmaster General contracting out our work and consolidating facilities, there is no excuse not
to belong to the APWU,” Smith declared.
“We are not in a position to tolerate non-members taking a
free ride. They reap the benefits and must be held accountable to pay their share. We don’t pay their gas bill and we
shouldn’t be expected to pay their union bill.
We need everyone’s support if we are going to thrive
in the future.”Members are encouraged to join forces to persuade non-members to
join the APWU.
The enrollment form (Form 1187) is available to download online, or can be obtained
by contacting your local union representative or the Organizing Department at 202-842-4227
By Paul H (by
The Ohio Postal Worker
I wrote this today
so that maybe you could share with the Union naysayers what it is like outside the walls of the Post Office.
The job market is tough and if you are lucky enough to get a job this is pretty much what you are facing.
I apologize to you and all of the dues paying members that I am working a non-union job but that is a sign of the disappearing
good paying union supported jobs of the past.
So you think your union is not
doing anything for you. You ask yourself why should I pay union dues and support the union, they don’t
help me. How bad could it be if there was no union?
I retired from the Postal
Service in June 2011 after 32 years. 26 of those years were spent as a dues paying and supporter of the American Postal Workers
Union while in the clerk craft. My last six years were spent in management. While in
management I still made every attempt to work with the union and respect the rights and beliefs of the union members which
is probably why I did not go very high on the managerial ladder.
During that whole period I
took what I had for granted. Good wages, vacation, benefits and someone to go before management on my behalf
when I felt unfairly treated, were just a few of the things I could see on the surface. State and national
representation before Congress and the Senate were the things I knew were there, but never thought much about.
Was I happy with my union? Not always but my dad told me unions have your back, I believed him or
maybe I just didn’t want to see what happens when no one has your back.
Now that I am
retired from the Postal Service I have taken a part time job at a big box store near my home. It is quite laid back compared
to my last position mostly because I am collecting a pension (negotiated and protected by the union) and the money I earn
at my new job, well I don’t really need it but it pays for a good meal out and gas in the tank. But
I have come to know many of the stories of my coworkers and they do need the money they make here. They
need it for daycare, school, utilities and the day to day support of their families. Many of them need
a set schedule but that doesn’t happen here either.
One day may be 2 p.m. to 11 and the
next 6 a.m. to 3 p.m., that’s called “clopening”, closing one day and opening the next. I
never heard that term in all my years in the union. They have no union; in fact, when I went through orientation
I had to watch a video on the evils of the union, how you cannot talk about or attempt to organize a union while employed
Most of the people in my department have been here longer than I have been yet I make more per hour than they
do. Two new guys were just hired with in background in the skills of our department yet they also make
more money per hour than the guy (we will call him John) who has been here almost a year. How do you get
a raise here? It certainly isn’t guaranteed by a union contract, it is evaluated by a sit down with
a supervisor who in the case of John has only known him for 2 weeks. Do you know how much of a raise John
got? John got 13 cents an hour. Before leaving the clerk craft for management my union negotiated contract
allowed me to make more money every two days than John takes home in a 39 hour week. This is a person that
waits on customers, runs power equipment, never misses work, works while he is at work and needs money to pay for college
to get a better (hopefully a union) job.
Another employee (we will call him Bill) lost his raise
altogether because he forgot to check a receipt of a customer that was leaving the store. Bill was a hard
worker, a good cashier and had over a year of service with the company. One mistake resulted in no pay
increase and because no union had his back, Bill quit. Think about some of the supervisors you work for,
would they fairly give you the raise you deserve? Without union monitored bidding would they give you the
good shifts or would those go to their favorites? Would you be able to take a vacation without your union
negotiated benefits? John just got back from a week at Myrtle Beach; he didn’t get paid for a single
hour of it because a non-union place like this doesn’t have a vacation plan like you do.
Why did I write this? Because I want everyone who reads it to see how good they have it in spite of the current
struggles. You did not get what you have at the Post Office because some supervisor liked you; you got it because
the union guaranteed that right for you.
Yes there are some things like consolidations
and closings that are a struggle right now but if my new employer closed down the facility that I work at a lot of good workers
would be unemployed. If the USPS shut down your facility would you be unemployed or inconvenienced?
These are tough times for the economy and the Postal Service is doing whatever it takes to stay alive.
Why wouldn’t you do whatever it takes to guarantee that you are not working under conditions so many non-union
employers demand of their employees?
Join your union and support your union.
Strength Through Unity
A Special Message for Non-Members from APWU President Cliff Guffey
If you are a USPS employee in the
Clerk, Maintenance, Motor Vehicle, or Support Services crafts, the APWU already works for you. Chances are, a union steward
or officer has already helped you with an on-the-job grievance. Or perhaps you have taken advantage of a union-negotiated
benefit. What you may not realize is that without the APWU, you would not have the good wages, benefits,
and job security you enjoy today.
The union has fought hard for every benefit you receive, including Cost-of-Living Adjustments (COLA);
healthcare and retirement benefits; annual leave, sick leave, and holidays; protection against layoffs; and dignity and respect
in the workplace.
Unlike workers in many other industries, postal workers’ income has kept pace with inflation for the past 30
years, and our benefits have remained intact. Without our union and our collective bargaining power, we would have no contract
and no workplace representation to enforce our rights. Without the APWU, we would not enjoy the stable career our families
rely on. We would be disposable — subject to the whims of abusive supervisors and managers.
In short, our livelihood is protected
because three out of four of your co-workers pay the modest union dues that make it possible for the APWU to function as an
effective, professional organization that fights for your interests.Today, we face our most serious challenges ever.
Service is attempting consolidate mail processing facilities and “outsource” postal operations to private contractors.
In addition, corporate mailers are trying to further influence postal policy-making at the expense of workers and consumers through special USPS “advisory” panels. As a consequence, we need
you — and you need us — now more than ever.Membership in the APWU shows a commitment to working together for better pay and benefits, as
well as for dignity and respect on the job.
It represents our understanding of the principle of strength through unity, both in
demanding our rights on the job and in speaking to our nation’s leaders about issues that are important to working people.The APWU cannot effectively meet these challenges without your support.
reason for not joining before, we ask that you reconsider the importance and many advantages of becoming an APWU member.Please look closely at everything
the union has to offer, and do your part by becoming a member today.
You Work Hard
for Your Union
Let your Union
Benefits Work Hard for You
As an APWU member, you and your family are automatically eligible to receive
Union Plus benefits and discounted services.
Savings- Did you know that APWU members could save over $2,600 annually with
the APWU Union Plus benefits? Here’s how you can start stretching your hard-earned paycheck:
and Gifts Discount Save 20% when you send flowers, 100% satisfaction guaranteed. Visit UnionPlus.org/Flowers or call 1-888-667-7779.
· Car Rentals
Save up to 25 percent on car rentals and support your fellow union members from Avis, Budget and Hertz. Visit UnionPlus.org/CarRental
Save on movie tickets, movie rentals, sporting events, gift certificates and more. Call 1-800-565-3712 and use ID: 744387769
or visit UnionPlus.org/Entertainment.
Service- Union Plus benefits
guarantee member satisfaction.
Working families never need
to settle for less with Union Plus. Our member advocates, who are OPEIU Local 2 members, work with the program providers,
so if you encounter any problems or concerns, they're here to assist: 1‑800‑472‑2005 (8:30 a.m. ‑
4:30 p.m. ET, weekdays) or online at UnionPlus.org/Customer.
Solidarity- Supporting union-made products and services
strengthens the labor movement and ensures quality goods and services at UnionPlus.org/UnionMade
Union-Made Clothing Save up to 10% off the latest quality apparel, union-made in the USA.
Tires and Service Find union-made Goodyear tires made by United Steelworkers (USW) and the United Food and Commercial Workers
(UFCW) and save 5-10% on car service and tires.
· Hawaii Cruise –Book a cruise on the world’s only all-union cruise ship to Hawaii through NCL Cruises with a special 5% discount.
More than ever, it pays to
be a member! For more info on the Union Plus
discounts, stop by the Steward’s desk, or call us 651-778-1637
$200 Weekly ‘Union Difference’
Median usual weekly earnings of full-time wage
and salary union members were $908 per week in 2009, compared with $710 for workers not represented by unions, according to
a new report from the Labor Department’s Bureau of Labor Statistics.
The agency said union members earn 28 percent more than their nonunion counterparts.
Responses to Eight Reasons Non-Members Won't Join
or to Members Wanting to Quit – Reprinted from the Rank and Filer
The following is a list of common reasons non-members give
for not joining, and some responses that will give them something to think about.
REASON 1: I can't afford the dues.
RESPONSE: Could you afford to work for $6 an hour? That's what you would be making if there were no union. You don't
really believe the Postal Service gives you raises out of the goodness of its heart, do you? You saw the wage package the
proposed in the last contract negotiations. They think you make too much. Management wanted to freeze your wages, cap the
COLA and cut benefits. You've got it backwards. Given what management wants to do to our pay and working conditions, we can't
afford not to pay union dues. The union is all that stands between our paychecks and management's give back demands. Don't
you want the best contract negotiators, union advocates, and stewards working on your side? The union can't afford them with
out your dues money. Can you afford to have the second best negotiator on your side at contract time? Can you afford to have
less than the best trained steward or advocate representing you when your discipline or termination is on the line?
2: I don't believe in unions.
RESPONSE: Do you believe in termination without just cause? Do you believe in child
labor? Slave wages? No retirement system? Straight pay for overtime? 84-hour work weeks? Monetary fines for breaking rules
that management set up solely to be able to fine you and get their money back? Didn't they teach history where you went to
school? All those things happened before there were unions. Some still happen in other countries, and in non-union labor industries
in this country. Unions are the only means for the workers to deal with management on an equal basis. Unions, not businessmen
or bosses, brought this country into the 20th century. How can you believe in America
and not believe in unions?
REASON 3: I don't need to be a member. I get everything that members get without paying
the dues. That's the law.
RESPONSE: It is? The law says only that raises apply to non-members as well as members,
and that the union must handle grievances for you. If you get injured on the job and have to fight a long compensation claim,
you get no help from the union unless you are a member. If you have an EEO complaint, the union won't represent you unless
you are a member. Union insurance and discount plans are available to members only. Members alone are eligible to vote for
union officers, and to ratify contracts. Only members get to choose whose their union representatives are through democratic
elections. Non-members have no say in who represents them. Many rights are stamped, "MEMBERS ONLY."
REASON 4: Who
needs the Union? What has it ever done for me?
RESPONSE: More than three quarters
of the things that make your job worth having exist only because the union exists. If you haven't worked here long, ask somebody
who has how great a place this was to work BEFORE the unions. If the unions ceased to exist tomorrow, how long do you think
you'd have the salary and benefits you have now? See responses one and two.
REASON 5: I don't like so and so.
One person isn't the union or this local. The union is all of us. So you don't like one person. By not being a member, you're
hurting everybody, including yourself. If you've got that big of a problem with an officer, then run against him. But don't
just drop out. People who didn't like Ronald Reagan didn't renounce their citizenship.
REASON 6: The union is just
here to get trouble makers out of the trouble they deserve to be in.
RESPONSE: Yes, the union defends anybody who's
in trouble. Isn't that part of the union's job - to make sure everybody gets his day in court? That isn't all the union does,
though. The union works to create jobs, improve working conditions and make sure no one's rights are violated. Look at responses
one and two. Grieving disciplinary actions is the union's job, but it's far from the only job.
REASON 7: I don't want anything to do with the union. I'm
trying to get promoted to boss.
RESPONSE: 80% of the employees in here are union members. Over 90% of the people promoted
in the last five years have been union members. Notice a trend?
REASON 8: I went to the union with a problem and didn't
get any satisfaction.
RESPONSE: Did you talk to somebody higher up? Did you bring it up at a union meeting to try
to get some action? Is one bad experience really reason enough to just give up on the union? Are you sure you really had a
legitimate grievance? If you don't believe the union is handling things properly, that should be the reason that gets you
involved in the union to try and change things, not a reason to get out. The union isn't perfect, but it's all we've got to
protect our rights and jobs.
Which side are you on?
There’s an old folk song by Pete Seeger (there’s also a great cover of the song by Natalie Merchant) that
starts with that line. It goes to say you’re either a union man, or a thug
for JH Blair, (a mining company). Back in those days, the battle lines were more clearly drawn, and the battles more violent.
But we are in our
own battle today. The battle to preserve the Service, and to preserve one of
the last well paying jobs available to those without college educations. A job
that allows you to buy a home, have a comfortable life, and even send your kids to college.
A job that lifts families from one class to another, a job that allows people to work hard and earn the American Dream.
In this battle,
we need to ask, which side are we on? Are you pulling your weight? Paying your dues, even if you don’t file grievances? Are
you supporting COPA? Contacting your representatives on bills that are important to the survival of the Postal Service, or
that protect your contractual bargaining rights through the Union?
Or are you on the
side of those that would see the Service privatized and dismantled for profit? Those
that would do away with first class protection and universal delivery at the same low cost rate? Are you taking all the benefits the union fights for but not contributing to the cost of the fight by paying
I ask you, which
side are you on? Which side are you on?
Consider joining the fight, we need all of us pulling together if we want to succeed.